2011 Proceedings

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Session 1 - Lectures
Session 2 - Lectures
Session 3 - Posters
Session 4 - Lectures
Session 5 - Lectures
Session 6 - Lectures
Session 7 - Posters
Session 8 - Hybrids
Session 9 - Lectures

 


NISSAN DISTINGUISHED KEYNOTE LECTURE

(01) Road Deaths and the Next U.S. Presidential Election
Donald Redelmeier (University
of Toronto - Canada)

Abstract Paper 



Session 1 - Lectures
Driver Support Systems

(02) Fully-Automated Driving: The Road to Future Vehicles
Hamish Jamson, Natasha
 Merat, Oliver Carsten, Frank Lai (University of Leeds - UK)

Final Paper

(03) Assessing Driver Behavioral Adaptation to a Rural Intersection Driver Support 
System
Michael Manser, Janet Creaser (HumanFIRST, University of Minnesota)

Final Paper

(04) Serialization of Vehicle Control at Intersections in Older Drivers
Erwin Boer
(Entropy Control, Inc.), Diane Cleij (Delft University of Technology – The Netherlands), Jeffrey
Dawson, Matthew Rizzo (University of Iowa)

Final Paper

(05) A Look in the (Driver’s) Mirror: Use of Portable Electronic Devices While Driving 
by the Driver Safety Research Community
Neil Lerner, Emanuel Robinson (Westat)

Final Paper 

 


Session 2 - Lectures
Fatigue & Impairment

(06) Assessing Drivers’ Fatigue State Under Real Traffic Conditions Using EEG Alpha Spindles
Michael Schrauf (Daimler AG; University of Regensburg – Germany), Michael Simon (University of Tübingen – Germany), Eike Schmidt (Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen – Germany),
Wilhelm Kincses (Daimler AG – Germany)

Final Paper

(07) Microsleep Episodes and Related Crashes During Overnight Driving Simulations
Martin Golz (University of Applied Sciences Schmalkalden; Institute for System Analysis and Applied Numerics – Germany), David Sommer (University of Applied Sciences Schmalkalden – Germany), Jarek Krajewski (University of Wuppertal – Germany), Udo Trutschel (Circadian Technologies, Inc.; Institute
for System Analysis and Applied Numerics – Germany), Dave Edwards (Caterpillar, Inc.)

Final Paper

(08) Lateral Control in a Driving Simulator: Correlations with Neuropsychological 
Tests and On-Road Safety Errors
Amy Johnson, Jeffrey Dawson, Matthew Rizzo
(University of Iowa)

Final Paper

(09) Dexamphetamine and Alcohol Effects in Simulated Driving and Cognitive Task Performance
Marieke Martens, Ries Simons (TNO Human Factors – The Netherlands), Jan Ramaekers (University of Maastricht – The Netherlands)

Final Paper

 


Session 3 - Poster Session A

(10) Effects of Scheduling on Sleep and Performance in Commercial Motorcoach Operations
Lora Wu, Gregory Belenky (Washington State University)

Final Paper

(11) The Influence of Passenger-Driver Interaction on Young Drivers
Ryan Toxopeus, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, Lana Trick (University of Guelph – Canada)

Final Paper

(12) Allocating Visual Attention: How Relevance to Driving Impacts Attention when 
Drivers are Distracted
Teena Garrison (Mississippi State University)

Final Paper

(13) Self-Rated Distress Related to Medical Conditions is Associated with Future Crashes or Traffic Offences in Older Drivers
Petra Hoggarth (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's
& Brain Research; University of Canterbury – New Zealand), Carrie Innes (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; Christchurch Hospital – New Zealand), John Dalrymple-Alford (Van der
Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; University of Canterbury; University of Otago – New Zealand), Richard Jones (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; University of
Canterbury; Christchurch Hospital; University of Otago – New Zealand)

Final Paper

(14) Impact of Cognitive Workload on Physiological Arousal and Performance in Younger and Older Drivers
Joonwoo Son (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science &
Technology – South Korea), Bruce Mehler (Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT] AgeLab; New England University Transportation Center [UTC]), Taeyoung Lee, Yunsuk Park (Daegu Gyeongbuk
Institute of Science & Technology – South Korea), Joseph Coughlin, Bryan Reimer (MIT AgeLab; New England UTC)

Final Paper

(15) Making Auditory Warning Signals Informative: Examining the Acceptance of
Auditory Icons as Warning Signals in Trucks
Johan Fagerlӧnn (Interactive Institute,
Sonic Studio – Sweden)

Final Paper

(16) Exploring Factors that Influence Vehicle Purchase Decisions of Older Drivers:
 Where Does Safety Fit?
Jenny Zhan, Brenda Vrkljan (McMaster University – Canada)

Final Paper

(17) The Development of a Cognitive Skills Training to Support Driver Education: Experimental Validation of Theoretical Underpinnings
Tibor Petzoldt, Thomas
Weiß, Josef Krems, Maria Bannert (Chemnitz University of Technology – Germany)

Final Paper

(18) A Schema of Possible Negative Effects of Advanced Driver Assistant Systems
Angela Mahr, Christian Müller (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence – Germany)

Final Paper

(19) Subjective Data Regarding Changes in Geometric Field of View During a Speed-Matching Test
Richard Goodenough, Johnell Brooks (Clemson University), Douglas Evans (DriveSafety, Inc.)

Final Paper

(20) Driver Opinions of Simulator-Based Commercial Driver Training
Justin Morgan,
Scott Tidwell, Myra Blanco, Alejandra Medina, Richard Hanowski (Virginia Tech Transportation
Institute), Olu Ajayi (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)

Final Paper

(21) An Analysis of Driver Reactions to Tire Failures Simulated with the National
 Advanced Driving Simulator (NADS)
Robert Rucoba, Lee Carr, Robert Liebbe,
Amanda Duran (Carr Engineering, Inc.)

Final Paper

(22) Attentional Tracking of Multiple Vehicles in a Highway Driving Scenario
Martin Lochner, Lana Trick (University of Guelph – Canada)

Final Paper

(23) Potential Benefits of a Concurrent Verbal Task when Feeling Fatigued Due to Monotonous Driving Conditions
Mark Chan, Paul Atchley (University of Kansas)

Final Paper

(24) Developing a Driver-Centric Roadway Classification System with
Multidimensional Scaling
Stacy Balk, Vaughan Inman, William Perez (Science Applications International Corporation)

Final Paper

(25) Driving with Para-Central Visual Field Loss: Pilot Study
Matt Bronstad, Alex
Bowers, Amanda Albu, Robert Goldstein, Eli Peli (Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard
Medical School

Final Paper

(26) PERCLOS: An Alertness Measure of the Past
Udo Trutschel, Bill Sirois (Circadian Technologies, Inc.), David Sommer, Martin Golz (University of Applied Sciences Schmalkalden –
Germany), Dave Edwards (Caterpillar, Inc.)

Final Paper

(27) The Effect of Visual Clutter on Driver Eye Glance Behavior
William Perez, Mary
Anne Bertola (Science Applications International Corporation

Final Paper

(28) Long-Term Effects of Hazard Anticipation Training on Novice Drivers Measured on the Open Road
Thalia Taylor, Kathleen Masserang (University of Massachusetts, Amherst),
Anuj Pradhan (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development), Gautam Divekar, Siby
Samuel, Jeffrey Muttart, Alexander Pollatsek, Donald Fisher (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

Final Paper


(29) Investigating HUDs for the Presentation of Choice Lists in Car Navigation Systems
Garrett Weinberg, Bret Harsham (Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs), Zeljko Medenica (University of New Hampshire)

Final Paper

(30) Detecting Transfer of Training Through Simulator Scenario Design: A Novice 
Driver Training Study
Wade Allen, George Park, Scott Terrace, John Grant (Systems
Technology, Inc)

Final Paper

(31) Cognitive and Psychomotor Correlates of Hazard Perception Ability and Risky
 Driving
Nebi Sümer (Middle East Technical University – Turkey)

Final Paper

(32) Attention Factors Compared to Other Predictors of Simulated Driving
Performance Across Age Groups
Richard Backs, Stephanie Tuttle, Davis Conley, Jr.,
Nicholas Cassavaugh (Central Michigan University)

Final Paper

(33) A Driving Simulator Study to Examine the Role of Vehicle Acoustics on Drivers’ 
Speed Perception
Natasha Merat, Hamish Jamson (University of Leeds – UK)

Final Paper

(34) Driver Fitness in Patients with Cognitive Impairment and Glaucoma
Peter Rosen (University of California, San Diego; DrivingLab, LLC), Abiodun Akinwuntan, Jerry Wachtel (Driving
Lab, LLC), Erwin Boer, Robert Weinreb, Felipe Medeiros (University of California, San Diego)

Final Paper

(35) The United States Version of the Stroke Drivers’ Screening Assessment Battery: A Report of Preliminary Findings
Abiodun Akinwuntan, Diana Gantt, Gina Gibson, Kurt Kimmons, Valerie Ross (Georgia Health Sciences University), Peter Rosen (Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical
Group; University of California, San Diego), Jerry Wachtel (Veridian Group, Inc.)

Final Paper

 


Session 4 - Lectures
Neurological Impairment & Fitness to Drive
 
(36) Driver Rehabilitation in Parkinson’s Disease Using a Driving Simulator: A Pilot 
Study
Ergun Uc (University of Iowa; Veterans Affairs Medical Center of Iowa City), Matthew
Rizzo, Steven Anderson, Jessica Lawrence, Jeffrey Dawson (University of Iowa)

Final Paper

(37) Longitudinal Two-Year Follow-Up of Updating and Flexibility Functions in Drivers with Parkinson’s Disease: Preliminary Results
Maud Ranchet, Laurence Paire-Ficout
(French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks [IFSTTAR –
INRETS], LESCOT; Université de Lyon – France), Emmanuel Broussolle (Université de Lyon; Centre
de Neurosciences Cognitives [CNRS] – France)

Final Paper

(38) Using In-Vehicle Devices to Examine Exposure and Patterns in Drivers with Parkinson’s Disease Compared to an Age-Matched Control Group
Alex Crizzle,
Anita Myers (University of Waterloo – Canada), Brenda Vrkljan (McMaster University – Canada),
Quincy Almeida (Wilfrid Laurier University – Canada)

Final Paper

(39) Translating Laboratory Measures to Real-World Outcomes: Application of the 
UFOV® Test in an Insurance Company Setting
Lesley Ross, David Vance, Karlene
Ball, Leslie Cak, Michelle Ackerman, David Benz, David Ball (University of Alabama, Birmingham)

Final Paper

 


Session 5 - Lectures
Crash Risk & Driver Behavior

(40) Effect of Feedback on Performance in the Lane-Change Test
Vera Berthon-Donk,
Marc Grosjean, Gerhard Rinkenauer (Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human
Factors – Germany)

Final Paper

(41) Psychiatric Disorders and Driver Safety: A Systematic Review
Jessica Williams,
Stephen Tregear, Arit Amana (MANILA Consulting Group, Inc.)

Final Paper

(42) Evaluation of Motorcycle Conspicuity in a Car DRL Environment
Viola Cavallo,
Maria Pinto (French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks
[IFSTTAR – INRETS], LPC – France)

Final Paper

(43) Driving Consistency Errors Overestimate Crash Risk from Cellular Conversation
in Two Case-Crossover Studies
Richard Young (Wayne State University)

Final Paper

 


TOYOTA KEYNOTE LUNCHEON SPEAKER

(44) Driving by the Seat of Your Pants! A Multisensory Approach to Capturing 
Driver Attention
Charles Spence (University of Oxford - UK)

Abstract Presentation Slides 

 


Session 6 - Lectures
Attention & Distraction

(45) Dynamic Attention as a Predictor of Driving Performance in Clinical Populations: Preliminary Results
Alex Bowers, Julius Anastasio (Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School), Piers Howe (University of Melbourne – Australia), Margaret O'Connor, Ann Hollis,
Lissa Kapust (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center), Matt Bronstad (Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School), Todd Horowitz (Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School)

Final Paper

(46) Age-Related Limits of 3D Spatial Attention in Dual-Task Driving
Russell Pierce,
Zheng Bian, George Andersen (University of California, Riverside)

Final Paper

(47) How Do Task Structure and Uncertainty Influence Task-Interleaving Strategies
 During Distracted Driving?
David Kidd (George Mason University)

Final Paper

(48) Exploring the Influence of Light and Cognitive Load on Pupil Diameter in Driving Simulator Studies
Oskar Palinko, Andrew Kun (University of New Hampshire)

Final Paper

 


Session 7 - Poster Session B

(49) Evaluating Changes in the Driving Behavior of Young Drivers a Few Years After Licensure Using In-Vehicle Data Recorders
Gila Albert (Holon Institute of Technology – Israel), Oren Musicant (Tel-Aviv University – Israel), Tsippy Lotan (Or Yarok – Israel), Tomer Toledo (Technion-Israel Institute of Technology – Israel), Einat Grimberg (Or Yarok – Israel)

Final Paper

(50) Withdrawn

(51) On-Road Driving Assessment Errors Associated with Pass and Fail Outcomes for Older Drivers with Cognitive Impairment
Petra Hoggarth (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; University of Canterbury – New Zealand), Carrie Innes (Van der Veer
Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; Christchurch Hospital – New Zealand), John Dalrymple-Alford (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; University of Canterbury; University of Otago –
New Zealand), Richard Jones (Van der Veer Institute for Parkinson's & Brain Research; University of Canterbury; Christchurch Hospital; University of Otago – New Zealand)

Final Paper

(52) Effect of Driving Simulation Parameters Related to Ego-Motion on Speed
 Perception
Shaun Durkee, Nicholas Ward (Western Transportation Institute, Montana 
State University)

Final Paper

(53) Fast Micro-Sleep and Yawning Detections to Assess Driver’s Vigilance Level
Nawal Alioua (Mohammed V-Agdal University – Morocco), Aouatif Amine (Mohammed V-Agdal
University; Ibn Tofail University – Morocco), Mohammed Rziza, Driss Aboutajdine (Mohammed
V-Agdal University – Morocco)

Final Paper

(54) Influence of Headlight Design on Sensory Conspicuity of Powered Two-Wheelers
Maria Pinto, Viola Cavallo (French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport,
Development and Networks [IFSTTAR – INRETS], LPC – France)

Final Paper

(55) Exploring Older Driver Lateral Head Rotations at Intersections Using Naturalistic Driving Data
Jon Antin, Brian Wotring (Virginia Tech Transportation Institute), James Foley
(Toyota Technical Center)

Final Paper

(56) Developing Driving Task Scenarios for Developmentally Tailored Driving Assessments: Using an Evidence-Centered Design Model
Erik Roelofs, Marieke
van Onna (Cito, National Institute for Educational Measurement - The Netherlands), Karel Brookhuis
(Delft University of Technology; Groningen University - The Netherlands)

Final Paper

(57) Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Driving Through Driver Assistance: The
eCo Move Project
Nicola Fricke, Caroline Schießl (German Aerospace Center [DLR] –
Germany)

Final Paper

(58) On-Road Evaluation of Destination Entry and Way-Finding Tasks: Comparisons Against Normal Driving
Miguel Perez, Derek Viita, Jonathan Hankey (Virginia Tech Transportation Institute), Sherri Voran-Nowak, Steven Tengler (OnStar Corporation)

Final Paper

(59) Cognitive, Perceptual and Motor Decline as Predictors of Risky Street-Crossing Decisions in Older Pedestrians
Sabine Langevin, Aurèlie Dommes, Viola Cavallo (French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks [IFSTTAR – INRETS],
LPC – France), Jennifer Oxley (MUARC, Monash University Sunway Campus – Malaysia), Fabrice
Vienne (IFSTTAR – INRETS, LEPSIS – France)

Final Paper

(60) Use of a Simulator to Objectively Distinguish Behaviors Between Low-Risk and High-Risk Drivers
Yi-Ching Lee (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia), Noelle LaVoie, Ursula Lauper (Parallel Consulting), Anna Cianciolo (Command Performance Research)

Final Paper

(61) Texting While Driving: Evaluation of Glance Distributions for Frequent/Infrequent Texters and Keypad/Touchpad Texters
Siby Samuel, Alexander Pollatsek, Donald Fisher (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

Final Paper

(62) The Impact of Distraction on an Intersection Crossing Assist System
Ensar
 Becic, Christopher Drucker, Michael Manser, Max Donath (University of Minnesota)

Final Paper

(63) Revisiting Driver Behavior at Unsignalized Intersections: Time of Day Implications
for Two-Way Left Turn Lanes (TWLTL)
Sahar Nabaee, Derek Moore, David Hurwitz (Oregon State University)

Final Paper

(64) Aging and Steering Control Under Reduced Visibility Conditions
Bobby Nguyen (Wichita State University), Yan Zhuo (Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences – China),
Rui Ni (Wichita State University)

Final Paper

(65) Driving Performance of Drug-Impaired Bus Drivers in Work Zone Areas
Chris Deits, Linda Boyle (University of Washington), John Morrison (Cahill Swift, LLC)

Final Paper

(66) Influence of Riding Experience on Glance Behavior, Brake Response Time and Deceleration Rates by Drivers and Motorcyclists
Jeffrey Muttart, Donald Fisher (University of Massachusetts, Amherst), Chris Kauderer (Kauderer & Associates), Wade Bartlett (Mechanical Forensic Engineering Services), Louis Peck (SD Lyons, Inc.), Steve Guderian (San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority & Motorcycle Safety Consulting), Lisa Ton, Matthew Muttart (Crash Safety Solutions, LLC)

Final Paper

(67) The Effects of Route Guidance on Spatial Learning
Yi-Fang Tsai, Matthew Peterson (George Mason University)

Final Paper

(68) Asymmetric Properties of Heart Rate Variability to Assess Operator Fatigue
Christian Heinze (University of Applied Sciences Schmalkalden – Germany), Udo Trutschel (Circadian Technologies, Inc.), Dave Edwards (Caterpillar, Inc.), Bill Sirois (Circadian Technologies, Inc.),
Martin Golz (University of Applied Sciences Schmalkalden – Germany)

Final Paper

(70) Effects of Concurrent Continuous Visual Feedback on Learning the Lane Keeping Task
Peter van Leeuwen, Stefan de Groot, Riender Happee, Joost de Winter (Delft University of Technology – The Netherlands)

Final Paper

(71) Use of Instrumented Motorcycle to Measure the Effectiveness of Malaysian Rider Training: A Pilot Study
Mohd Khairul Alhapiz Ibrahim, Mohd Faudzi Mohd Yusoff
(Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research [MIROS] – Malaysia)

Final Paper

 


Session 8 - Hybrid Presentations

(72) An Autonomous Intelligent Driving Simulation Tutor for Driver Training and Remediation: A Concept Paper
Matthew Romoser (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

Final Paper

(73) Eye Movement Patterns and Driving Performance
Zheng Bian, Russell Pierce,
George Andersen (University of California, Riverside)

Final Paper

(74) The Accuracy of Drivers’ Judgments of the Effects of Headlight Glare: Are We
Really Blinded by the Light?
Stacy Balk, Richard Tyrrell (Clemson University)

Final Paper

(75) Integrating Kinematic- and Vision-Based Information to Better Understand Driving Behaviour
Oren Musicant (Tel-Aviv University – Israel), Tomer Toledo (Technion–Israel
Institute of Technology – Israel), Tsippy Lotan, Einat Grimberg, Dov Ganor (Or Yarok – Israel)

Final Paper

(76) Perception of Approaching Motorcycles by Distracted Drivers May Depend on Auxiliary Lighting Treatments: A Field Experiment
James Jenness, Richard Huey,
Shawn McCloskey, Jeremiah Singer, Jeremy Walrath, Elisha Lubar, Neil Lerner (Westat)

Final Paper

(77) A Simulator Comparison of Riding Performance Between New, Returned and Continuing Motorcycle Riders
Mark Symmons, Christine Mulvihill (Monash University – Australia)

Final Paper

(78) Inhibitory Control and Reward Predict Risky Driving in Young Novice Drivers: A Simulator Study
Ellen Jongen (Transportation Research Institute [IMOB], Hasselt University – Belgium), Kris Brijs (IMOB, Hasselt University; XIOS University College – Belgium), Marcell Komlos,
Tom Brijs, Geert Wets (IMOB, Hasselt University – Belgium)

Final Paper

(79) Traumatic Brain Injury and Driver Safety: A Systematic Review
Stephen
Tregear, Jessica Williams, Damilola Funmilayo (MANILA Consulting Group, Inc.)

Final Paper

(80) Effectiveness of an Intersection Violation Warning System
Dawn Marshall, Robert Wallace, James Torner, Michelle Birt-Leeds (University of Iowa)

Final Paper

(81) Assessing the Transfer of Simulator Trained Skills to Real Vehicle Control
Barry Coutermarsh, Kelley MacDonald, Sally Shoop (U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development
Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory)

Final Paper

(82) Effects of Familiarity and Age on Driver Safety Errors During Wayfinding
Katherine Read, Lixi Yu, Jamie Emerson, Jeffrey Dawson, Nazan Aksan, Matthew Rizzo (University
of Iowa)

Final Paper

(83) Systematic Analysis of Real-World Driving Behavior Following Focal Brain Lesions
Kelsey Thompson, Katherine Read, Steven Anderson, Matthew Rizzo (University of Iowa)

Final Paper

(84) Assessing Drivers’ Tailgating Behavior and the Effect of Advisory Signs in 
Mitigating Tailgating
Jyh-Hone Wang, Miao Song (University of Rhode Island)

Final Paper

(85) A Comparison of Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability Indices in Distinguishing Single-Task Driving and Driving Under Secondary Cognitive Workload
Bruce Mehler, Bryan Reimer, Ying Wang (Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT] AgeLab)

Final Paper

(86) Driver Control Actions in High-Speed Circular Driving
Diomidis Katzourakis (Delft University of Technology – The Netherlands), Efstathios Velenis (Brunel University – UK), Riender
Happee (Delft University of Technology – The Netherlands)

Final Paper

(87) Effect of Driving Breaks and 34-hour Recovery Period on Motor Carrier Crash
 Odds
Kun-Feng Wu, Paul Jovanis (Pennsylvania State University)

Final Paper



Session 9 - Lectures
Perception & Decision Making

(88) Hazard Perception and Distraction in Novice Drivers: Effects of 12 Months 
Driving Experience
Anuj Pradhan, Bruce Simons-Morton (National Institute of Child Health
and Human Development), Suzanne Lee, Sheila Klauer (Virginia Tech Transportation Institute)

Final Paper 

(89) The Effect of Age and Gender on Visual Search During Lane Changing
Martin Lavallière (Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT] AgeLab; Université Laval – Canada; Centre de recherche FRSQ du CHA Universitaire de Québec – Canada), Bryan Reimer, Bruce Mehler, Lisa
D’Ambrosio, Ying Wang (MIT AgeLab), Normand Teasdale (Université Laval – Canada; Centre de
recherche FRSQ du CHA Universitaire de Québec – Canada), Joseph Coughlin (MIT AgeLab)

Final Paper

(90) Developing a North American Static Hazard Perception Test
John Lyon, David Borkenhagen, Charles Scialfa, Micheline Deschênes, Mark Horswill (University of Calgary –
Canada)

Final Paper

(91) The Effect of Traffic Complexity and Speed on Young and Elderly Pedestrians’ Street-Crossing Decisions
Aurèlie Dommes, Sabine Langevin, Viola Cavallo (French
Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks [IFSTTAR – INRETS],
LPC – France), Jennifer Oxley (MUARC, Monash University Sunway Campus – Malaysia), Fabrice
Vienne (IFSTTAR – INRETS, LEPSIS – France)

Final Paper